While all children living in the United States are guaranteed certain rights and freedoms through the federal government as well as through the state, Inglewood children with disabilities are also protected through the laws of the land because they are a particularly fragile population. Not only are these individuals too young to properly look out for themselves or fight for their rights, but also they have certain physical or mental disabilities that routinely keep them from the wide range of activities in which their peers without disabilities can participate. It is up to parents, guardians, teachers, doctors, and other adult advocates to look out for these children in Inglewood and fight for their freedoms when they are infringed upon by school or other areas of society.
Several laws have been put into place in the last several decades to protect the Inglewood rights of children with disabilities. The following are the most important of these.
-The Americans with Disabilities Acts, or ADA
ADA is a general law that protects disabled people of all ages against discrimination in all public settings, including schools, workplaces, and businesses.
-The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, or IDEA
IDEA is the most frequently mentioned law related to special education for children. It applies to all children who are approved for special services through an evaluation. This law ensures that disabled children receive free public educations that are provided in the least restrictive environments possible. It also allows these children to receive Individualized Educational Plans to guide their schooling.
-Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act
This part of the Rehabilitation Act specifically protects special education students from discrimination when at school.
-The Elementary and Secondary Education Act, or ESEA
ESEA is the overarching education law for all students in the United States. However, it does refer specifically to special education students and ensures that they receive proper educations while directing that schools remain accountable for these students.